No announcement yet.

Materjalid ettevõtluse kohta

  • Filter
  • Time
  • Show
Clear All
new posts

  • #16
    Kuidas alustada ettevõtlusega väikse investeeringu pealt töö kõrvalt võimalikult madala riskiga? :

    Kusjuures see investeering võib olla ka oluliselt väiksem, paljudel aladel ettevõtlusega alustamiseks pole kuigipalju vaja. Äriideede teemasse sai ka pandud paar linki väheste kuludega äriideede kohta.


    • #17
      Quora küsimus esmakordsete ettevõtjate tehtud vigade kohta, seal on mitmeid väga häid vastuseid:

      Kui juba oskad valmis olla vigade jaoks ja neid vältida, siis on edu võimalused kohe kasvanud.


      • #18
        Ühe noore ettevõtja jaoks jõukuse positiivsed mõjud:

        " What does it feel like to be a young millionaire?
        Michael Gao, CEO of AlphaSheets, a spreadsheet startup

        I was a millionaire in high school. It was pretty great, but the largest positive effects were the following:
        I was free from constraints. Constraints include time, attention, location, pain, etc. I rose above certain things. "Being above X" is a phrase that people use disparagingly, but it's quite literally true that I simply had better things to do than worry about constraints.
        I could fly to Boston or San Francisco for the weekend from North Carolina. Suddenly all my friends were within reach, no matter where they lived.
        I could take an Uber when time was critical, or when I didn't want to suffer the noise of the subway, etc.
        When I was in flow and didn't want to be bothered, I could pay my friends to do one-time errands for me.
        I felt free from constraints. This is different from the first, because it's not about the money in this one, it's about the confidence. Confidence is hard to fake, and I only really get it by actually achieving something (don't know about other people, maybe they're better at faking it). I gained a sense that:
        (a) I could use my stature as leverage, now that it was high enough,
        (b) I now had growth mentality, and
        (c) I could actually accomplish meaningful things. This created an affordance to do things that may even have been in my power before, but I never considered doing.
        I felt that I now had the liberty to not care about my classes.
        I was unconcerned about my high school kicking me out, because it wouldn't have been a big deal for me.
        I allowed myself to buy things that I wanted. Many people get rich enough to afford things, and then fail to buy them because of a cached mentality of frugality.
        I became a better/calmer person.
        Not that I was anyone particularly bad before, but suffering people (like people who had to eat the subpar food in our school cafeteria) are naturally more inclined to defect, happy people are naturally more generous, and on top of that rich people have resources to spare for other people. The unfortunate truth about morality is that your environment shapes who you are.
        One example of this - if I were ever yelled at by anyone, I'd remind myself, "it's ok, you're a millionaire," and would feel calm enough to take the higher ground, whereas before I might've yelled at them back.
        I got a personalnarrative.
        I had a compelling story to tell people. Narratives are extremely important for influencing people, because they allow you to build a personal brand around the narrative, and thereby impress people (friends, potential cofounders/hires, networking acquaintances, investors, girls, important people, etc).
        This was worth more in the end than the money."


        • #19
          Taas asjalikku lugemist juhtimise kohta:


          • #20
            Ettevõtte loomise retsept, leiab siit lingilt:

            Today we are going to be making some "cash on the side"
            If you want to follow along at home, you'll need the following ingredients:
            1. 4 cups of "People with a Problem"
            2. 1 cup of "A solution to their Problem"
            3. 4 tbsp of "A way to tell People with a Problem of A solution to their Problem"
            4. 2 tsp of "A way to distribute your solution"
            5. 12 fl. oz of "A way to get paid"
            First off we're going to start by taking our "People with a Problem" and talking to them. When I say talking, I actually mean asking them questions and listening to what they have to say. Ignoring all solutions they come up with, usually everything that follows the words: "If only there was..." We're going to take all of their feedback, boiling it down into the essence of what it is that they really NEED, and not the bullshit they think they want.
            Secondly, we're going to research the interwebs for more on these problems and also look at some of the solutions to this problem that's out there. You want to be careful of not falling into the age old trap of thinking you need to come up with it from scratch. You want to combine various cool parts of different solutions to come up with what is without a doubt the best solution to this problem. Taking into consideration your skills, experience and knowledge, you want to leverage these to make sure you put in very little effort to maximize the time spent at this step.
            Third step is where the fun starts, you want to use all that you've learned in steps 1 & 2 and package the core problem and solution in a beautiful way that really highlights it to "People with a Problem" so that they know that you know how bad their problem really is, and how the world really needs a solution.
            Next you're going to want to get your solution into the hands of "People with a problem" and make it solve their problems. This is a good time to actually listen to what they have to say and to improve on "A solution to their Problem" if you hear a lot of the same thing. Don't take it personally, instead think of it as the results of an experiment. Also, there might be some selling involved here, so remember that people don't buy logically, they buy emotionally and then logically justify their purchase afterwards. So make sure you stress how much better their lives will be after their problems are gone.
            Finally, when the client asks if they can keep your solution, your response is an emphatic YES! While they are very excited, you mention that since this is a trial version, they can get it for US$ X for the next month, but after that it's going to go up to US$ 3X because of the high demand. Cash is fine, but you'd prefer that they use PayPal, Bitcoin, or just straight into your bank account. This is very important. Make sure that you know how you are going to get paid. Make sure it works. Test it. When they ask to buy, give them the price and details of how to pay, then just wait for them to respond.
            Now the only thing left for you to do is to get going! This might seem daunting, but it's important to remember that as much as we love the end result, it's the process of getting there that we love the most!


            • #21
              Idufirma lähenemine ja mentaliteet tuleb kasuks ka ettevõtluses laiemalt:

              Üks point ka sealt:

              Make room for mistakes. Innovation doesn’t happen overnight. Successful startups know that one good project can take months of tinkering and trial and error. Communicate to your people that the process and effort are just as important as the result. As Thomas Edison said on his path to inventing the light bulb, “I have not failed. I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work.” That’s the startup mentality you need as you’re cultivating innovation in your teams. Make room for error, and understand that not every project will be able to meet the deadline or achieve greatness. But the important thing to remember is that you’re striving toward making a difference with the projects and solutions that do.


              • #22
                21 soovitust algajale ettevõtjale:


                • #23

                  Top tegevjuhtide tugevused, mis neid ülejäänutest eristab, Robert Scoble'i vastus Quorast:

                  I've interviewed thousands of CEOs and some things that stand out to me:
                  1. Good at hiring AND firing. Whenever you find a really great CEO you find someone who has a knack for hiring. That means selling other people on your dream or your business. Especially when it doesn't seem all that important or seems very risky. I used to work for a CEO who was awesome at hiring, but couldn't fire anyone. Doomed the business. Many of the best CEOs get others to follow no matter what.
                  2. Builds a culture, not just a company. The best CEOs, like Tony Hsieh at Zappos, build a culture that gives everyone a mission. They stand out in a sea of boring companies.
                  3. Listens and acts. Many CEOs want to tell you what they are doing, but the best ones listen to feedback, and, even, do something with that feedback. My favorites even give credit back. Mike McCue, CEO of Flipboard, tells audiences that I was responsible for a couple of key features.
                  4. Is resilient. AirBnB took 1,000 days for its business to start working. Imagine if they gave up on day 999? The best CEOs find a way to dig in and keep going even when it seems everything is going against them.
                  5. Has vision. Let's be honest. There are a lot of nice CEOs but if you don't have the ability to build a product that matters to people, then no one will remember your name. Can you see a way to make billions with wearable computers? I guarantee some can and they are the CEOs who will bring me interesting new products.
                  6. Stays focused. A friend who worked for Steve Jobs told me that what really made him different is that Jobs wouldn't let teams move off their tasks until they really finished them.
                  7. Speaks clearly. A great CEO is clear, crisp, concise. Quotable. So many people just aren't good at telling a story in a way that's easy to remember. The best are awesome at this. Since it's the CEO's job to tell the company's story, it's extremely important that this person be able to clearly tell a story about the company and the product.
                  8. Is a customer advocate. The best CEOs understand deeply what customers want and when they are making anti-customer choices.
                  9. Good at convincing other people. CEOs have to deal with conflicting interest groups. Customers often want something investors don't. So, a good CEO is really great at convincing other people to get on board, even at changing people's opinions.
                  Extra credit if you are:
                  • Nice. Yeah, Steve Jobs wasn't always nice. But he was an exception in many ways. People remember assholes and try to avoid them. That's not something that's easy to work around.
                  • A builder. Yeah, you can be a CEO if you aren't a builder, but you are swimming up stream. It's one reason I haven't run my own business. The CEOs that seem to work the best are ones who COULD write some code, or build a new design using a 3D printer.
                  • Integrity. The best CEOs are survivors and it's really hard to survive if you have dirt in your closet or treat people differently behind closed doors than you do in public.


                  • #24
                    Mida James Altucher on õppinud Elon Muskilt:


                    I listened to every interview he ever did and compiled what I think are the most inspirational quotes to me.

                    They may not be inspirational to you. Inspiration is somewhat of a risk: it takes you outside the world you once knew and introduces you to a new thought, person, idea, or something totally unexpected.

                    So I wrote down the quotes and what I think I learned from them. Maybe as I think of them more I'll learn more. I don't know.

                    Here are the inspirational quotes from Elon Musk that stuck with me:

                    1. “If something is important enough, even if the odds are against you, you should still do it.”

                    I was thinking: what if it really is impossible.

                    But Elon Musk then takes it to the next level always: "let's go to Mars".

                    Or "let's make a billion dollar battery factory." So at the very least it's always worth exploring the delicious curvature of the impossible.

                    2. “Going from PayPal, I thought: ‘Well, what are some of the other problems that are likely to most affect the future of humanity?’ Not from the perspective, ‘What’s the best way to make money?”

                    I've interviewed over 100 people now on my podcast. Each of the 100 have achieved amazing results in their life.

                    That's a subjective opinion. "Amazing" to me.

                    But none of them have done if for the money. I was talking to Coolio, for instance, who had the best selling song of 1995.

                    He started writing lyrics every day in 1977. It took him 17 years to have a single hit.

                    "Never do something for the money," Coolio told me.

                    3. “(Physics is) a good framework for thinking. … Boil things down to their fundamental truths and reason up from there.”

                    My guess is he is not referring specifically to the science and theories of physics but the act of visualizing something, coming up with an idea or a theory of why it might be true, and then figuring out how to prove that theory.

                    To me, thats what physics is. Since the rules are constantly changing, which is another fascinating aspect of physics.

                    4. “The first step is to establish that something is possible; then probability will occur.”

                    I wonder about this. What's impossible? Maybe a time machine is too hard to figure out.

                    But to make an electric car you can imagine first a hybrid car that has a trunk filled with very efficient batteries so you don't ever need the gas part.

                    Then it becomes a function of probabilities versus possibilities.

                    5. “It’s OK to have your eggs in one basket as long as you control what happens to that basket.”

                    Many people think entrepreneurship is about risk. In fact, it's the opposite. Good entrepreneurs don't learn by failure (the popular "failure porn" all over the Internet). Good entrepreneurs learn by solving difficult problems.

                    Elon Musk controlled his outcome with X . com not by destroying the competitor but by merging with it (paypal).

                    6. “Persistence is very important. You should not give up unless you are forced to give up.”

                    I always think this is the magic equation:

                    persistence + love = abundance.

                    You have to love something enough to persist. You have to persist enough to deepen your love.

                    And then abundance is the natural outcome. Not just for you but for everyone. Since wealth comes to those who create wealth for others.

                    7. “You want to have a future where you’re expecting things to be better, not one where you’re expecting things to be worse.”

                    This is incredibly important. News reporters have zero qualifications to inform people and yet they are all doom and gloom to sell subscriptions.

                    But entrepreneurs are the ones who imagine a better world and how to make the leap to get there.

                    8. “It is a mistake to hire huge numbers of people to get a complicated job done. Numbers will never compensate for talent in getting the right answer (two people who don’t know something are no better than one), will tend to slow down progress, and will make the task incredibly expensive.”

                    When I was running a software company, we always knew it would take one great programmer to solve a hard problem in one night versus 10 mediocre programmers taking a month to screw up a problem even worse.

                    9. “If you go back a few hundred years, what we take for granted today would seem like magic – being able to talk to people over long distances, to transmit images, flying, accessing vast amounts of data like an oracle. These are all things that would have been considered magic a few hundred years ago.”

                    And now imagine what it will be like 300 years from now when people look back at today. "They had to actually 'connect' to an Internet then!" or "It took them 7 hours to get from NY to CA!"

                    10. “My biggest mistake is probably weighing too much on someone’s talent and not someone’s personality. I think it matters whether someone has a good heart.”

                    I recently watched a company go from a billion in revenues to zero when a founder stole $90 million from the company.

                    Integrity, humility, and doing your best is by far the most important consideration when evaluating whether to work for someone.

                    12. “When I was in college, I wanted to be involved in things that would change the world. Now I am.”

                    I always wonder about the phrase "change the world". Can one person change another.

                    Perhaps the most valuable starting point is to do everything I can to change myself each day: to be physically healthier, to be around emotionally healthy people ,to be create, to be grateful.

                    Then maybe I can have a head start on changing the world.

                    13. “I think it’s very important to have a feedback loop, where you’re constantly thinking about what you’ve done and how you could be doing it better. I think that’s the single best piece of advice: constantly think about how you could be doing things better and questioning yourself.”

                    I'm invested in about 30 companies. The companies that fail are when CEOs smoke their own crack.

                    Technology, competition, customers are constantly changing. But we have a cognitive bias to think that the activity we have invested the most time in is, of course, a GREAT activity.

                    What could be wrong with it?

                    So it's important to constantly question this evolution-based cognitive bias with constant questioning as if one were an outsider looking in. Without that, businesses fail.

                    14. “I wouldn’t say I have a lack of fear. In fact, I’d like my fear emotion to be less because it’s very distracting and fries my nervous system.”

                    A small level of fear is motivational. It forces me to have a backup plan. The average multimillionaire supposedly has seven sources of income. They all have backup plans.

                    Even Elon Musk has Tesla, SpaceX, SolarCity, and probably a dozen other companies he's peripherally involved in.

                    Any endeavor I do, I always ask two questions: "What is my plan B?" and "What is my evil plan?" Meaning what do I hope to learn from this that nobody else expects

                    15. “Life is too short for long-term grudges.”

                    I always think that I'm the average of the five people I spend the most time with.

                    So this quote is important to me. Don't spend time with people who can even incite a grudge. I try to spend time with the people I love and who love me.

                    16. “Don’t be afraid of new arenas.”

                    Again, inspiration is a risk. It means stepping out of the comfort zone where you've never been before.

                    I try as an exercise to figure out at least one thing a day to do that is outside my comfort zone.

                    One time I was talking to Noah Kagan and he suggested something simple: never time you go for coffee, ask for a 10% discount after they ring up your order.

                    This sounds trite compared with planning a ship to Mars but it really made me nervous when I tried it. It was good practice. Maybe next thing will be the trip to Mars.

                    17. “I think it is possible for ordinary people to choose to be extraordinary.”

                    I thought about this when I read it. I think it's ok for "ordinary" people to be ordinary also. Ordinary is beautiful.

                    But I think every day it's worth trying to be a little better (1%, an amount so small it can't be measured) in physical health, emotional health, creativity, and gratitude.

                    Maybe that is a path to extraordinary as that 1% compounds. But I don't want the pressure of "future extraordinary". I just want to be a little better today

                    18. “I could either watch it happen or be a part of it.”

                    Sometimes people say to me, "I missed the boat" or "I am too late". I think it's never too late to do what you love."

                    What you love is always on the shore, waiting for you to arrive, waiting with open arms.

                    19. “Being an Entrepreneur is like eating glass and staring into the abyss of death”

                    People say to me, "I hate my cubicle. I want to be an entrepreneur."

                    Entrepeneurship is a disaster. 85% of entrepreneurs fail and failure is not fun at all. Not to mention you have to deal with customers, employees, investors - they are all your bosses and not the other way around.

                    Then you have to sell, you have to execute, you have to build, you have to exit, you have to grow.

                    I like Elon Musks's approach of having many things to work on. Many Plan Bs. So any one entrepreneurial endeavor doesn't take up all the mind space.

                    20. "I would like to die on Mars. Just not on impact."

                    I highly recomend Andy Weir's book, "The Martian". He self-published it. Then it got picked up by a major publisher. Now Ridley Scott doing the movie.

                    Discusses this very topic.

                    21. On his favorite book when he was a teen, "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy": It taught me that the tough thing is figuring out what questions to ask, but that once you do that, the rest is really easy."

                    Here's my favorite part of Hitchher's Guide to the Galaxy: the idea that all you really need from a materialistic perspective is a towel.

                    Then the Universe sort of takes care of things after that. Hygiene is key

                    22. "I just want to retire before I go senile because if I don't retire before I go senile, then I'll do more damage than good at that point."

                    "Retirement" is an interesting word, invented by the actuaries who used statistics to come up with social security.

                    So I doubt Elon Musk will ever retire.

                    In fact, from a mortality perspective the two most dangerous years in life are the year you are born and the year you retire.

                    So I never interviewed him. But maybe read and watched several dozen interviews and wrote down my favorite quotes.

                    Then I wrote what I learned from them. I want to learn from everyone. That's how I get inspired. If you don't agree with me, maybe you learned different things.

                    But I like these quotes and I hope this somewhat fits the answer.


                    • #25
                      Lisasin esimesse posti paar linki

                      ROWE (Results only work environment) juhtimine:


                      • #26
                        Originally posted by MadisM View Post
                        Lisasin esimesse posti paar linki

                        ROWE (Results only work environment) juhtimine:

                        Meil on ettevõttes algusest peale asjad nii käinud. Tehakse tööd sealt, kus meeldib. Samuti ei käsi ma kellelgi tunde täis istuda kui ta on efektiivsem ja saab töö kiiremini tehtud. Nädalas peab end vaid 1-2 koosolekul näole andma kontoris Ei teadnud, et seda ROWE stiiliks nimetatakse.


                        • #27
                          Iseenesest tundub see väga mõistlik lähenemine küll, proovin midagi sinnapoole ise ka saavutada. Mingis mõttes on mul pool teed käidud, sest ettevõttel kontorit ei olegi, kõik töötavad kodust või kust iganes Nüüd tuleb veel tulemusi saavutama panna Eks töö käib selles suunas ka, töötame sisse mingit aruandlusprogrammi ja proovime tulemusi ka järjest paremini mõõta.

                          Paraku mul pole nii häid mõõdikuid, mida kasutada. Nt algajate õpetaja tulemuslikkust ei saa puhtalt selle pealt vaadata, et mitu mängijat tema õppegrupist kui kiirelt edasi liikus, see võib vastu tulistada mängijate kehvema ettevalmistuse näol. Mingi variant oleks vaadata, et mitu neist mängijaid hiljem elukutseliseks sai, aga siis tekib jälle nii pikk viitaeg sisse, õpetaja saaks tulemustasu alles 6-12 kuud hiljem, et see kaotaks enda poindi ära + seda mõjutaks veel palju asju, millest suur osa pole selle õpetaja kontrolli all. Mõni saab ametikõrgenduse või hakkab muud kõrvalt õppima ja teeb pokkeriga lõpparve, mis iganes. Enamuse teiste ametikohtade puhul ka sarnased probleemid.

                          Lahendan lihtsalt nii, et proovime võimalikult head tagasisidet saada, mis sai viimase kuu jooksul tehtud, mis hästi, mis halvasti ja siis proovin ideid anda, mida parandada. Eks võrdlen muidugi õpetajate mängijate tulemusi ka ja proovin ka selle pealt ideid välja käia. Lisaks suhtlen ise ka mängijatega, uurin seise ja proovin leida võimalusi nende tulemusi parandada. Ideaalne pole, aga paremat pole hetkel välja osanud mõelda. Ülesanded tuleb ära jaotada, ise kõike teha ei jõua paraku.


                          • #28
                            Kui ettevõte plaanib teha Indiegogo või Kickstarteri kampaaniat uue toote turule toomiseks või välismaale laienemiseks, siis siin mõningad nipid:

                            Kusjuures see on väga hea viis (varases faasis) ettevõttel välismaale laieneda! Nende keskkondade kaudu jõuad sadade tuhandete potentsiaalsete ostjateni, kusjuures kliendid maksavad ette ja on nõus ootama 2-6 kuud toodet. Väga hea võimalus saada käibevahendeid tootmise tõstmiseks ja ei pea mingit osalust ära andma! Asjaliku kampaaniaga on võimalik ette ära müüa sadade tuhandete eurode eest tooteid ja suurimad kampaaniad on olnud €5-10 miljoni vahel!

                            Edit: siin veel häid soovitusi samal teemal:


                            • #29
                              Kui oled tulnud hea idee/toote/leiutise peale ja kardad, et keegi võib selle ära varastada, siis siin on väga hea vastus sellele probleemile Wikipedia asutajalt Quoras:


                              Before I answer your question directly (and I promise I will) let me just offer the opinion that young entrepreneurs often think this is a real problem which faces them, when in fact the opposite problem is much much much more likely to be the case: far from other people seeing your thing as "legen-wait for it-dary" as you put it :-), no one will care about you or your idea at all.

                              Notice that this is more true the more paranoid you are about it. Just a few days ago I got a 3 page pitch letter from someone who simply described to me in stereotypical buzzwords how I could add synergistic brand value to their revolutionary value-add concept that would blah blah blah - 3 pages with absolutely no information whatsoever about what the hell the person wants to do.

                              I remember when I first had the idea for a freely licensed encyclopedia written by volunteers. I remember a feeling of urgency and panic because the idea seemed so obvious that I thought lots of people would be competing with me, so I rushed out and hired Larry Sanger to work for me as editor in chief of the project, and we launched Nupedia as quickly as possible. Nearly two years later, with the project generally unsuccessful at that point, no one else was competing with us at all. My panic about someone rushing to compete with me was not justified.

                              Now, to answer your question directly because, despite my view that in general this isn't really the problem that you face, sometimes it is, and it's worth a few words about that.

                              First, if your idea is the sort of thing that could be reasonably patented, then you can work to file a patent. I'm not a big believer in this for most things (particularly not software or dot-com ideas, where I find patents to be useless for protecting startups and pernicious for the industry as a whole), but if your legendary concept is a genuine scientific/engineering invention, then by all means, get a patent.

                              Second, and I'm stealing this line from Facebook (probably Mark Zuckerberg said it first, I don't know): Move fast and break things. This is particularly important if there are "network externalities" in your idea, or any other kind of genuine "first mover advantage". (Though notice: both those concepts are much much much overused.)

                              Just get moving and don't look back.

                              Ok, so that is my direct answer, but now I want to go back and remind you of my first answer. THIS IS PROBABLY NOT THE PROBLEM THAT YOU REALLY HAVE. Far far more entrepreneurs have lost out on great opportunities because they were so paranoid about someone stealing their idea that they were unable to raise capital, unable to get started, unable to actually DO anything.


                              • #30
                                Hea 15 min lugemine, 5 asja mida üks asutaja teeks enda järgmise Startupi puhul teisiti. Kehtib mingil määral ka ettevõtluse puhul, eriti millel vaja raha tõsta ja algul tulubaas veel suur ei ole. Teiste jaoks vast kasu vähe.